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Princess Claude of Valois (Historical)

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This article is about the Historical figure Princess Claude of Valois (1547-1575) you may be looking for the Reign character Claude.


Princess Claude of Valois
Claude of Valois1
Princess of France, Duchess Consort of Lorraine
Biographical Information
Gender Female
Status Deceased
Born November 12, 1547 Fontainebleau, France
Died February 21, 1575 Nancy, France age:27
Cause of Death Complications from childbirth
Title(s) Princess of France, Duchess Consort of Lorraine
Family Information
Marital Spouse: Charles III, Duke of Lorraine married January 19, 1559
Children 3 boys & 6 girls
Parents King Henry II & Queen Catherine de' Medici
Grandparents Paternal: King Francis I & Queen Claude, Duchess of Brittany

Maternal: Lorenzo de' Medici & Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne

Sibling(s) 5 brothers, 4 sisters & 3 illegitimate.
Grandchildren 15: 9 from Christine, 6 from Francis, & 2 from Henry
Professional Information
Character Information

Claude of France (November 12, 1547 - February 21, 1575) was the second daughter of King Henry II of France and Queen Catherine de' Medici.

Early life & Childhood Edit

Princess Claude of Valois was born on November 12, 1547 in Fontainebleau, France, as the 2nd daughter & 3rd child born to King Henry II & his wife Queen Catherine de Medici. Claude was raised alongside her sister Elisabeth, the future Queen of Spain, and sister-in-law Queen Mary of Scotland.

The Princess was named in honor of her paternal grandmother: Queen Claude of France who was named after the Saint Claudius of Besançon. Anne, Duchess of Brittany prayed to this Saint while pregnant so that she would have a living child, and when her daughter lived Anne named her Claude.

Personality & Health Edit

The Princess was described as being very discreet; however she suffered from health problems she inherited from her mother: such as a club foot and a hunchback, many of which her siblings also inherited (except for Margaret).

Marriage & Family Edit

Princess Claude married Charles III, Duke of Lorraine on January 19, 1559, when she was but 11 years old, and became Duchess Consort of Lorraine. Despite her tender age, the couple enjoyed a very happy marriage.

This union produced 9 children:

  • Henry II, Duke of Lorraine (1563–1624) married Margerita Gonzaga
  • Christine (1565–1637), married Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
  • Charles (1567–1607), Cardinal of Lorraine and Bishop of Metz (1578–1607), Bishop of Strasbourg (1604–1607)
  • Antoinette (1568–1610), married John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
  • Anne (1569–1576)
  • Francis II, Duke of Lorraine (1572–1632) married Christina of Salm
  • Catherine (1573 † 1648), Abess de Remiremont
  • Elisabeth Renata (1574–1635), married Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria
  • Claude, 1575-1576.

Relationship with her mother the Queen Edit

Claude was Queen Catherine's favorite daugher. She often left Nancy, the capital of Lorraine, in order to visit her mother in the heart of France. Catherine de' Medici also liked to visit her daughter in Lorraine. Against her mother's wishes, though, Claude did try to warn her younger sister Margaret of Valois of the danger she would face as the new wife of the Huguenot King of Navarre on the night of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.

Early Death Edit

Princess Claude, Duchess of Lorraine died on February 21, 1575 after giving birth to her namesake daughter who died the next year. Claude was only 27.

GalleryEdit

  • Queen Catherine de Medici: Claude's mother
  • King Henry II: Claude's father
  • Claude's husband: Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
  • Christina of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany: Claude's eldest daughter
  • Fernando de Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany: Claude's son in law
  • Claude's youngest daughter: Elisabeth of Lorraine, Electress of Bavaria
  • Claude & Charles' first child & eldest son: Henry II Duke of Lorraine
  • Claudia de Medici, Archduchess of Austria: Claude's granddaughter
  • Catherine de Medici, Duchess of Mantua; Claude's granddaughter
  • Claude's mother in law: Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan

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